If you have asthma, allergens and pollens may be something you try to avoid altogether.
Things that can cause an asthma flare-up are called triggers. Once you have recognized what your triggers are, you can avoid them. Here are some tips:
▪ Exposure to passive cigarette smoke in childhood increases the risk of having asthma.
▪ Do not be around smoke or people who smoke.
▪ Do not allow smoking in your home or your car.
▪ Do not use wood-burning stoves or fireplaces, and avoid campfires.
▪ Take a shower or bath after being outdoors.
▪ During allergy season, use air conditioning instead of opening the windows.
▪ Change the air conditioner filter monthly.
Dust and dust mites
▪ Vacuum carpets and rugs weekly with a HEPA filter. Get rid of carpeting, especially in the bedroom.
▪ Encase your mattresses and pillows in allergen-proof covers.
▪ Wash your bedding weekly in water over 130 degrees.
▪ Wash stuffed animals often and remove any dust collectors from the bedroom.
▪ Dust furniture and wash curtains often.
▪ Replace air conditioning and heater filters monthly.
▪ Keep pets outside.
▪ If your pets must come inside, keep them out of the bedroom and off the furniture.
▪ Bathe them weekly.
Changes in weather can cause flare-ups.
▪ Keep an eye on children when they play outdoors.
▪ Stay indoors when air quality is poor.
Asthma flare-ups can be caused by minor respiratory illnesses.
▪ Wash your hands often.
▪ Eat a well-balanced diet and get plenty of sleep.
▪ Make sure you get a yearly flu shot.
▪ Stay away from people who have a cold or flu.
Exercising is important to your health.
▪ Take your reliever medication as prescribed before you exercise.
▪ Slowly warm up before exercising.
▪ Limit or avoid exercise when you are ill or the weather is cold and dry.
▪ Strong smells, such as cleaning products, fragrances or sprays
▪ Some medications, including beta blockers or aspirin
▪ Certain foods, such as shellfish, wine, dried fruit and nuts
▪ Having allergies and managing them can help reduce asthma symptoms
Martinez is a registered respiratory therapist at Sutter Gould Medical Foundation