WASHINGTON -- Parents who struggle to install their child safety seats or fasten their toddlers in back-seat chairs are receiving new guidance from the government.
The Transportation Department said Wednesday that it was revamping a consumer ratings system for child safety seats to help parents and caregivers make the best choice for their kids.
The new approach will use a five-star rating system based on the seats' ability to secure a child and the ease with which the seats are installed. It also will consider the seats' labeling and instruction manuals.
"We believe that the new star system will help simplify one of parents' most important decisions: choosing the best safety seat that will protect their children," Transportation Secretary Mary Peters said during a news conference at an Arlington, Va., fire station.
Many parents can attest to the frequent frustration found in securing a car seat or making sure their child is strapped in. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration said seven in 10 child safety seats are the wrong size or are misused, reducing their ability to protect kids in a crash.
"If one of these things is difficult to use, even if someone buys one, they may not be willing to switch them among cars ... because they remember what a pain they were to install," said Adrian Lund, president of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. "If we get seats that are easier to install, then it's more likely that people will use them."
When used properly, the seats are very effective. NHTSA estimates that child restraint systems reduce fatal injuries by 71 percent for infants and 54 percent for toddlers in passenger cars and by nearly 60 percent for infants and toddlers in sport utility vehicles, pickups and vans.
Transportation officials stressed that the ratings system does not assess how effective a seat is in protecting a child in a crash. All child seats must comply with federal safety standards to protect children in a car accident.
The government recommends car seats for children weighing as much as 40 pounds and booster seats for children more than 40 pounds until they are 8 years old or 4 feet 9 inches tall. All children should ride in the back seat until age 13.
The new system, which assigns an overall rating of as many as five stars, replaces a ratings program that used letter grades.
The five-star rating system also is used in NHTSA's consumer crash test program for new cars and trucks.
Sally Greenberg, executive director of the National Consumers League, said the changes will be an improvement because under the old system the vast majority received an "A" rating. "The tests were too darn easy and it flew in the face of what parents knew," she said.
Child seat ratings can be found on NHTSA's Web site, www.nhtsa.dot.gov.