Q: I need clarification regarding electronic waterfowl decoys. My duck blind partner and I are contemplating buying one of the new electronic decoys. They have wings that flap up and down like a real bird. They can either be motorized tug lines that move the decoys or electronic feet that cause rotation or flapping of the feet, or they may spray water or swim. The wings on these decoys do not spin or rotate, but they are electronically powered. Due to how these are operated, our understanding is these are legal decoys that can be used throughout the entire season. Please clarify so we know we’ll be on the right side of the law.
A: Some electronic waterfowl decoys are legal to use throughout the season, and some may not be used between the start of the waterfowl season and Nov. 30. Here are the differences:
Electronically powered rotating or spinning-wing decoys are prohibited between the start of the waterfowl season and Nov. 30. All rotating or spinning-wing decoys must be powered exclusively by the wind. Regulations (California Code of Regulations Title 14, section 507) only prohibit wings and wing-simulated devices that spin or rotate on an axis, if the movement is caused by anything other than natural wind (e.g. decoys with wings that spin by mechanical device and wings that flap and “rotate on a bilateral axis”), and they are used before Dec. 1.
Electronic decoys legal to use throughout the season: decoys that simulate flapping, swimming, quivering, moving or squirting but do not have rotating or spinning wings. Examples include decoys with mechanical feet or heads, wings that only flap, wings that spin only by wind, etc.
The exact language of CCR Title 14, section 507 reads as follows:
Provisions Related to the Taking of Migratory Game Birds.
(c) Prohibition on Electronically or Mechanically-operated Devices.
Electronic or mechanically operated calling or sound-reproducing devices are prohibited when attempting to take migratory game birds. It is unlawful to use devices that are either electronically powered, or activated by anything other than natural wind, to directly or indirectly cause rotation of decoy wings or blades that simulate wings, when attempting to take waterfowl between the start of the season and Nov. 30.
In addition, decoys that use flashing lights on the wing are also illegal, as lights are illegal to use to assist in taking any game (Fish and Game Code, section 2005).
Q: Can you clarify how to determine the correct shooting hours for big game? The California Mammal Hunting Regulations booklet reads, “Hunting and shooting hours for big game, including but not limited to deer, antelope, elk, bear, and wild pig shall be from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset.” Are sunrise and sunset published times for a specific location, or are they when the sun actually rises above the horizon or sinks below the horizon for the exact position where the hunter is standing? I ask because I’ve noticed published times can be quite different from what I am seeing in the sky when I am standing in a mountainous area. If the times are published, where may I find the correct sunrise/sunset tables for a specific location?
A: The sunrise and sunset times you should use are either those times printed in the local newspaper for the area where you are hunting, or if you look in the 2014-15 hunting regulations booklet for waterfowl and upland game, go by the shooting hours listed on pages 8-9 for the location closest to where you are. Although times will vary slightly, there are many other sources, including a GPS, which will give the time for your exact location, and many cellular telephones have information available for the closest town or your exact location.
Safety should always be your first priority, though. For example, if you’re hunting in a deep canyon with high walls that partially block out the sunlight normally visible at sunrise or sunset, you should adjust your shoot times accordingly to be sure you are not shooting in the darkness.
Q: With all of the tuna hanging around outside Dana Harbor right now, would it be legal to fish for them using bow and arrow fishing gear?
A: Bow and arrow fishing tackle may be used to take fin fish other than giant (black) sea bass, garibaldi, gulf grouper, broomtail grouper, trout, salmon, broadbill and white shark. Yes, tuna would be an “other fin fish,” but to be legal, the gear must meet the definition of bow and arrow fishing tackle in CCR, Title 14 section 1.23.
Carrie Wilson, marine environmental scientist with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife: CalOutdoors@wildlife.ca.gov.