Did you know?• In 2010, the American Heart Association’s recommended sequence of steps for cardiopulmonary resuscitation with adults, children and infants changed from ABC (airway, breathing, chest compressions) to CAB (chest compressions, airway, breathing).
• If a victim is unresponsive and not breathing or only gasping and you do not detect a pulse within 10 seconds or are unsure if you can detect a pulse, you should begin chest compressions.
• The compression-to-ventilation ratio for one-man CPR is now 30:2 (30 chest compressions then two breaths).
• It is important to have a firm surface under the body of the victim. With a firm surface, you are more likely to give an effective compression and be able to create better blood flow than if the victim was on a soft surface such as a mattress or cushion.
• When giving compressions on an adult, the heel of one hand should be placed on the sternum, in the center of the chest at the lower portion of the breast bone, and the other hand on top of the first.
• When you give a breath, you can tell if your breath was effective if the chest rises.
• When you prepare to give breaths and do a head tilt chin lift, it is important to have your fingers on the patient’s jawline when lifting, and not the soft tissue of the neck. If your fingers are pressing on the soft tissue of the neck, you might block the airway.
• AEDs (automated external defibrillators) are located in most hospitals and airports. When you turn on an AED, it tells you what to do and will shock the patient only if necessary.
• CPR classes are offered in the community. For more information, call (209) 548-7880.